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Diwali
Diwali

Diwali or Dipavali

What is Diwali?

* It is a festival celebrated in Autumn season of India every year with great joy and happiness.

* In 2018, Diwali is on 7th November, Wednesday 2018.

* It is one of the biggest festival of India.

Diwali
Diwali

* It is a five day festival where all the schools, colleges and offices are given off as ‘Diwali Break’.

* The festival is at peak on third day in which everyone decorate their houses with lights, Flowers and Rangoli and they worship Goddess Laxmi, Lord Ganesh with all other god and goddesses with them.

* Gifts are Distributed to the family and friends.

* Happiness is being spread to all the people on this auspicious occasion.

Why Indians celebrate Diwali?

* In Hindu epic, Ramayana, it is mentioned that Diwali is the day when Ram, Sita, Laxman and Hanuman reached Ayodhya after the period of exile of 14 years and winning the fight against king Ravana.

* The people of Ayodhya light diya (small earthen oil filled lamps) and decorated their houses in happiness of Coming back of Ram after 14 years.

* After coming back of Ram from his exile, his younger brother, Bharat gave the kingdom (Ayodhya) back to Ram.

* Diwali is celebrated as a sign of victory of Light over darkness, Truth over lies and good over evil.

How Diwali is celebrated?

* Firstly, Celebrants will prepare by cleaning, renovating and decorating their houses and offices.

* People wear new and finest clothes with jewellery.

* People buy gifts and sweets (mithai) for their relatives and friends.

* People buy new things and vehicles of them.

* They buy new Statuesqueness (murti) of Lord Ganesh and Goddess Laxmi to worship on diwali.

Diwali
Diwali

1st day- Dhanteras

* In the morning, families decorate their houses and light Diya (small earthen oil filled lamps). They make rangoli (floor decorations)on the floors.

* People purchase new utensils, jewellery, home equipment and other items.

* In Evening, families lay offering of puffed rice, candy toys, rice cakes and batashas (hollow sugar cakes).

2nd day- Choti Diwali

* It is the major day for purchasing festive food, fruits and particularly sweets.

* Variety of sweets that are made of rice, flour, semolina, chickpea flour, dry fruits, milk solids and clarified butter are being purchased.

* Families also prepared homemade delicacies.

* In evening, families worship goddess laxmi and lord ganesh with sweets and flowers.

* They light up 21 diyas in front of Ganesh and laxmi and worship them as well.

* After the pooja (Worship) is finished, Diya are placed in every corner of the house.

3rd day- Diwali

* It is the height of festival.

* The night is darkest on this occasion.

* In the morning, whole house is decorated with lights, flowers and Rangoli.

* Every member of the family wear new traditional clothes or their best outfit.

* Younger members of the family take blessings from the elder one.

* Shops are being closed early for puja rituals.

* Bonuses are given to employees.

* Delicious food is being prepared in the houses.

* Puja is being performed in the evening with 51 diyas and aarti (prayer).

* After puja, people go outside and celebrate with firecrackers.

4th day- Govardhan Puja

* This day ritually celebrates the bond between the wife and husband.

* Husbands gifts something to their wives.

* In other regions, parents invite a newly married daughter, or son, together with their spouses to a festive meal and give them gifts.

* In some rural regions, Statue of krishna holding govardhan is being made on the floor using cow dung. Male members of the house encircle the statue with puffed rice on their hands.

5th day- Bhai dooj

* It celebrates the brother-sister bond.

* It is the brother that travels to meet his sister and family.

* The sister pray for their brothers well being and feed them with their hands after tilak.

Diwali Prayers

Lord Ganesh Aarti (Prayer)

JAI GANESH JAI GANESH JAI GANESH DEVA
MATA JAKI PARVATI, PITA MAHADEVA

EK DANT DAYAVANT, CHAR BHUJA DHARI
MATHE SINDURWA SOHAI, MUUSE KI SAWARI
JAI GANESH…

ANDHANA KO AANKHA DETA KORHINA KO KAAYAA
BANJHANA KO PUTRA DATA NIRDHAN KO MAAYA
JAI GANESH…

HAAR CHARHE, PHOOL CHARHE AURA CHARHE MEVA
LADDUAN KO BHOGA LAGE SANT KAREN SEVA
JAI GANESHA…

DINAN KI LAAJ RAKHO SHAMBHU PUTRA VAARI
MANORATH KO PURA KARO JAI BALIHAARI
JAI GANESHA…

Goddess Laxmi Aarti (Prayer)

Om Jai Lakshmi Mata, Maiya Jai Lakshmi Mata,
Tumko Nishdin Sevat, Har Vishnu Vidhata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Uma Rama Bharmani, Tum Hi Jag Mata,
Surya Chandrma Dhyavat Naard Rishee Gata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Durga Roop Niranjani, Sukh Sampati Data,
Jo Koi Tum Ko Dhayata, Riddhi Siddhi Pata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Tum Patal Nivasini, Tum Hi Shubh Data,
Karam-Prabhav-Prakashini, Bhav Nidhi Ki Trata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Jis Ghar Main Tum Rahti, Sub Sadgun Aata,
Sub Sambhav Ho Jata, Man Nahi Ghabrata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Tum Bin Yagya Na Hove, Vastra No Koi Pata,
Khan-Pana Ka Vaibhav, Sub Tumse Pata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Shubhgun Mandir Sundar, Sheerodadhi Jata,
Ratan Chaturdhsh Tum Bin, Koi Nahi Pata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Mahalakshmi Ji Ki Aarti, Jo Koi Nar Gata,
Urr Anand Samata, Pap Utar Jata.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Sthir Char Jagat Bchaye Shubh Karam Nar Lata,
Ram Pratap Maiya Ki Shubh Drashti Chahta.
Om Jai Lakshmi Mata

Written and Edited by-Priyanka Verma and Aditya Tanwar

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